Arterial pressure is one of the main indicators of the constancy of the internal environment of the human body. It consists of two indicators: systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
Systolic BP fluctuates between 110 and 130 mm Hg. Diastolic in norm should not deviate from 65 - 95 mm Hg. Any deviation from the norm immediately affects the person's normal health.
Low or low blood pressure, hypotension, arterial hypotension - all these are the names of the condition when the blood pressure level of a person at rest is below the norm - 100/60 mm.gt;Art. Low blood pressure is not a diagnosis, since the modern medical community does not recognize hypotension as a disease.
Constant low pressure, as a rule, is congenital, i.e.is passed from parents to children. What to do when the pressure is low, the causes of this condition, as well as the main symptoms we will consider in this article.
Causes of low pressure
A hypotonic pressure loss is considered to be below 100/60 mm Hg. This is a problem for both young people and the elderly. This decrease can be physiological or pathological.
Low cause pressure can have extremely extensive. Let us consider in more detail the conditions and diseases that can be the cause of low blood pressure:
- Heart Dysfunction .A decrease in pressure can cause bradycardia, heart failure, or some problems with heart valves.
- Pregnancy .BP probably decreases because during pregnancy, the circulatory system of a woman is rapidly increasing in volume. This is normal, and BP usually returns to its original level after childbirth.
- Endocrine disorders - hypothyroidism, hypoglycemia, in some cases, diabetes, as well as adrenal insufficiency - provoke a decrease in the tone of blood vessels.
- Dehydration of , as a result of increased physical exertion, diarrhea or the abuse of diuretics.
- Blood loss to .Loss of large amounts of blood as a result of severe injuries or internal bleeding leads to a decrease in the volume of circulating blood and a sudden drop in blood pressure.
- Severe allergic reactions ( anaphylaxis) is another reason why low blood pressure occurs. Anaphylactic reaction can cause breathing problems, urticaria, itching, laryngeal edema and a drop in blood pressure.
- Fasting ( malnutrition).The lack of vitamin B12 and folic acid can cause anemia, which is accompanied by a decrease in blood pressure.
Based on the foregoing, treatment of low diastolic pressure requires a detailed investigation of the cause. It is strongly recommended to consult a cardiologist, endocrinologist, nephrologist, therapist, and in some cases - an oncologist, hematologist, gastroenterologist, psychotherapist.
What should I do with low pressure?
So, you have low blood pressure - what to do? Everything depends on the person and his state of health. A large number of young people are hypotonic. The figures of blood pressure in them are constantly within 90-100 / 60 mm.gt;Art. In this case, a person feels well, his work capacity is not violated.
Sometimes a healthy person develops a hypotonic state as a result of stress, unfavorable weather conditions. If the lowered pressure is combined with a headache, weakness, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea - you need to take action.
Medication for low blood pressure includes the administration of caffeine-based drugs, herbal preparations that have a stimulating effect. When hypotension is useful to start the day with a cup of well-brewed coffee. However, it is not necessary to abuse caffeine: a so-called paradoxical reaction of blood vessels is possible - expansion and, as a result, an even lowering of blood pressure.
More walk in the fresh air - in the park, along the street before going to bed, walk more. At low pressure, any physical activity is simply necessary. Also, think over the food ration so that there is always chrome in it. If you are worried about low lower( diastolic) pressure with an elevated upper( systolic) at the same time, you should go to the cardiologist immediately. Since such a symptom can talk about aortic valve insufficiency.
How to raise low blood pressure at home
The following drugs can quickly raise blood pressure:
- Ascorbicum( 0.5 g) and green tea extract( 2 tablets).
- Aralia Manchurian( 15 drops) and pantocrine( 30 drops).
- Tincture of Rhodiola rosea and Leuzea( 25 drops).
- Grape juice( 1 glass) and tincture of ginseng( 30 drops).
- Chinese magnolia tincture( 1 teaspoon), cordiamine( 25 drops) and glycine( 1 tablet under the tongue).
Drug medication for low blood pressure consists in taking stimulant medications containing caffeine, citric or succinic acid - prescribed by a doctor, visits to which should be regular if you have hypotension.
Low blood pressure and high heart rate: the main causes of
It is impossible to answer unequivocally the question what can cause low pressure, but at the same time high heart rate.
For the final diagnosis it is worthwhile to contact several specialists who will help to identify the real causes of the problem. The patient should be examined first of all by a cardiologist, later by a therapist, and also by an endocrinologist.
Among the factors that provoke such violations in the work of the cardiovascular system, we can name the following:
- Significant loss of blood.
- Shock of various etiologies of ( due to allergic reaction, trauma, toxins and infections, as well as cardiogenic origin), which is characterized by traditional symptoms of hypotension.
- Vegetosovascular dystonia, which occurs with the development of specific crises and is characterized by severe weakness and dizziness, pallor of the mucous membranes and skin, a sharp decrease in blood pressure and the appearance of severe tachycardia.
- The cause may be pregnancy , because at this time in the woman's body the tone of the vessels decreases due to the influence of the hormone progesterone. In addition, the increase in the volume of circulating blood is characteristic, therefore, during pregnancy, it is quite often possible to detect three disorders - tachycardia, iron deficiency anemia and low blood pressure.
- Dehydration of , which is observed with prolonged vomiting and diarrhea, significant physical exertion, and also with a thermal shock.
- The causes of tachycardia with a simultaneous decrease in blood pressure also include acute inflammatory processes in the internal organs( for example, acute pancreatitis) at which the distribution of blood changes.
If the pulse is increased and the pressure is lowered, the patient feels pain in the area of the heart, headache, dizziness, anxiety, fear. There may also be a feeling of fullness of the stomach, nausea, vomiting.
Low cardiac pressure is characterized by the following symptoms:
- weakness, malaise, decreased performance and memory;
- headaches and dizziness, darkening in the eyes;
- meteosensitivity, sensation of cold;
- tachycardia, pain in the heart.
In more neglected cases, when pressure can drop to critical markers( 50 mm Hg and below), the following symptoms may be attached to the above symptoms:
- severe attacks of weakness, fainting;
- attacks of vomiting;
- feeling of lack of air.
Low low blood pressure is sometimes accompanied by a neurosis, which manifests itself in anxiety, irritability, tearfulness. Depression arises, the mood is changeable.
Considering this symptom in the context of pregnancy, you can divide two options.
- Hypotension, as a primary condition occurring before pregnancy and continuing with its onset. In this case, there is no risk for the future mother. The fetus can suffer, as against the background of hypotension the rate of vascular blood flow slows down, which inevitably will negatively affect the placental blood circulation of the child. There is a high risk of intrauterine fetal hypoxia with all the ensuing consequences.
- Pressure reduction is the result of pregnancy. This is possible with early toxicosis of the first half of the gestational age. Another variant of its reduction is associated with the development of complications during pregnancy in the form of a threatening or started abortion with uterine bleeding. In other cases there is a violation of blood pressure in the direction of its increase.
The best way to diagnose hypotension is to measure pressure with a tonometer.
Some Rules for Normalization of Low Pressure
What else is recommended for prevention? Follow these simple recommendations, and your low pressure will go back to normal.
- Regular night sleep( not less than 8 hours) and preferably also a lunch for you should become the norm. Do not forget to ventilate the room before going to bed.
- Revise your diet , which should consist of fats, proteins, vitamins C and B1, carbohydrates. There should be a minimum of four meals a day.
- Accustom yourself to the contrasting soul of .Start hardening with lukewarm water and go to the cold one. This will strengthen the walls of the vessels and help increase pressure.
- Never get up sharply , after waking up lie down a few more minutes, moving your arms and legs, and only then slowly sit in bed. This is how you can avoid dizziness and morning fainting.
- Properly organize your workplace .Lack of light or a comfortable position for work can cause headaches and lowering of pressure.
- In the evening, lying on your back, put your feet on the wall to improve the outflow of blood .In this position, you should spend 15 minutes.
These rules are especially relevant for the growing children's organism and for the elderly.
Treatment of low blood pressure
It is necessary to take medical procedures only at the first manifestations of hypotension, because in the first stages it is easier to eliminate the negative influence of low pressure on the body as a whole. As part of the treatment, you should not experiment and rely on your knowledge, it is important to consult a doctor who, after a detailed examination, will prompt an effective scheme in each case.
In the case of low pressure, treatment is rarely initiated with the administration of pharmaceuticals. To eliminate the problem, it may be enough to change the way of life itself. If this does not help, the patient is recommended and folk remedies, and pharmaceuticals, and even spa treatment.