Psychosomatics studies the influence of psychological factors on the appearance, progress and treatment of somatic diseases.At the heart of the ailment lies the reaction to an emotional outburst, which causes functional changes and abnormalities in the human body, for example, in the gastrointestinal tract.
Relationship with childhood
As a child, people have feelings of satisfaction and satiety, derived from the absorption of food.These feelings are associated with care, safety, love and remain in adulthood.
The relationship between the psychological state and the process of digestion is so strong that any change in the emotional background of a person has a serious effect on the gastrointestinal tract.This phenomenon is studied and analyzed by psychosomatics.
For example, in case of danger or aggression, an involuntary spasm of the muscle cells of the stomach arises.A person tries to eat food and drown out his fears, having experienced a feeling of safety familiar from childhood.For this psycholo
gical reason, he ceases to control himself and quickly absorbs much more food than he needs.Excess food falls into the stomach compressed from the stress and leads to the development of gastritis or ulcers.
Causes of the appearance of gastritis
According to psychosomatics - gastritis manifests itself after any negativity due to internal and external causes.Modern medicine adheres to the following theory: in the case of a psychological problem, the impact is on the organs that are most vulnerable, thus the genetic predisposition to diseases is fulfilled.
According to psychosomatics - the disease develops in parallel with the onset of any psychological situation that causes trauma to a person.
The main psychological causes of the appearance of gastritis are:
- Uncertainty in their abilities and long negative emotions.Uncertainty in life. .Lack of life guidance for the future, a constant inner sense of fear and moral depression.
- Doom.In the event that a person can not change the development of bad events in life, this leads to his oppression.
The occurrence of gastritis indicates an unresolved conflict.If there is no recognition of human problems at the psychoemotional level, then the problem manifests itself on the physical level - the stomach.
When a person can not change the nature of feelings, taking them under his control, he begins to do this at the level of somatics, and as a result there is increased aggressiveness of gastric juice.
For gastritis of different types, there is inherent age and gender.Young men are susceptible to chronic gastritis with increased secretory function of the stomach.This is the result of increased aggressiveness and inability to apply it for "peaceful purposes".Young men have a high level of sex hormones, in particular, testosterone, which provokes aggression.At this time, young people need to show themselves in society, do not be afraid to take responsibility for themselves and their actions.Emotional, social and psychological growth slows down, which results in a slow development of gastritis.
Treatment of psychosomatic illnesses
Treatment of gastritis is complicated by the fact that fear, inner need and insecurity are replaced by gastrointestinal diseases, and the bodily syndrome remains visible.If the damaged organ or symptoms of the disease can be cured by a medical or surgical method, then the side effect is mental symptoms - depression, drug addiction, fear.Psychosomatics tries to understand the language of organs as an expression of emotional phenomena and to separate them from the factors of the constitution and predisposition.
Relationships in psychosomatics that arise in patients are divided into two components: psychocentric and somatocentric.
In the first case, clinical manifestations, gastritis process and characteristics of the patient's mental status are studied.
In the second case, the analysis is subjected to nosogenic reactions - the impact of the features of clinical manifestations and the course of the disease on the patient's subjective perception of his illness and the peculiarities of psychiatric disorders whose manifestation is associated with somatic suffering.
Elimination of the causes of gastritis from the point of view of psychosomatics is a difficult work on thoughts and attitude to the surrounding world.Treatment consists in getting rid of stress, getting positive emotions, avoiding manifestations of discontent and despondency, accepting the outside world with its pluses and minuses.